National Education: It Has Always Been About “Reconstructing” Southern Culture

In his book Segregation–Federal Policy or Racism (Shotwell Publishing, Columbia, South Carolina) author John Chodes noted, on page 53 that: “In 1867, a small agency was created by Congress. It was called the Bureau of Education. It consisted of only five employees: a supervisor and four clerks, ‘to collect such statistics and facts as shall […]

Education Is “Reconstruction” ~ Even Today!

In his informative book Segregation–Federal Policy or Racism, author John Chodes has some interesting information in chapter 6, which he entitles The Freedmen’s Bureau: Segregation for Black Education. In this chapter he notes that the whole concept of segregation was promoted so that blacks could be “educated” (radicalized) separately from whites. This was a kind […]

Horatio Seymour: Libertarian Democrat

When New York Produced Giants for Liberty “The idea pervades the bill that severe penalties will secure enforcement; but all experience shows that undue severity of laws defeats their execution … [N]o law can be sustained which goes beyond public feeling and sentiment. All experience shows that temperance, like other virtues, is not produced by […]